Wetland Types on the Fond du Lac Reservation
There are four main type of wetlands found on the Fond du Lac Reservation as follows:
Forested Wetlands – These wetlands are dominated by trees. This type of wetland is the most common found on the reservation. Over 29,000 acres or 66% of all the wetlands on the reservation are forested. Most of these forested wetlands are dominated by Black Spruce. However, other forested wetlands are dominated by Black Ash, Northern White Cedar, or Tamarack. In addition, some forested wetlands on the reservation are not dominated by any one species, but are rather a mix of Red Maple, Black Ash, and others.
Scrub Shrub Wetlands – These wetlands are dominated by woody species other than trees. This is the second largest type of wetland found on the reservation. Over 12,000 acres or 28% of all the wetlands on the reservation are scrub shrub wetlands. These wetlands are dominated by Alder or Willows.
Emergent Wetlands – Emergent wetlands are those in which the primary plants “emerge” from the surface of the water. However, these wetlands sometimes do not have standing water but rather have saturated soils. Over 2,000 acres or 5% of all wetlands on the reservation are emergent. Wild Rice waters are included in this wetland type, therefore the majority of emergent wetlands on the reservation are actually Wild Rice lakes including Mud, Perch (south end), Side, Jaskari, Bang and Rice Portage. Other emergent wetlands are dominated by Cattails or various species of sedges or grasses.
Aquatic Bed Wetlands – These wetlands have standing water year-round and are usually dominated by floating or submerged wetland plants. Usually these are deeper water wetlands with water depths up to 6.5 feet. If the water depth exceeds 6.5 feet then it is usually classified as a lake rather than a wetland. About 386 acres or less than 1% of all wetlands on the reservation are aquatic bed wetlands. These wetlands are mostly dominated by Coontail.